Questions arise on how prices are affected “but for” the activities of another firm. Claims emerge regarding restraint of trade and the loss suffered because of market manipulations. There is no single indicator of antitrust activity or its impact.

We examine the variability of pricing in markets, the impact of economic factors and events on pricing, and evaluate “but for” changes in prices, in sales, in customer flow and other indicators that describe the dynamics of a business.

Antitrust is the combination of economic theory with financial facts that describes how a market is operating and whether a loss can be measured. If there is a discoverable change, we examine if it is attributable to the activities of another economic factor.