“Estimates of Undercount in the 1980 Census”

in Proceedings of the American Statistical Association, Section on Survey Research Methods, 1984.

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The Post Enumeration Program was conducted in two parts. The first, designated as the P-Sample, was designed to measure gross undercoverage in the 1980 census. As will be explained later, because of methodological problems the P-sample actually overestimates gross undercoverage and an adjustment must be made in the estimation process. The second part, designated as the E-Sample, was designed to estimate gross overcoverage in the census; this would include duplicated and erroneous enumerations.

-Cowan, Charles D. and Fay, Robert E.

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